Showing posts with label GEOGRAPHY. Show all posts
Showing posts with label GEOGRAPHY. Show all posts

Monday, November 9, 2015

Full List of State Birds of India 2015


StateCommon nameBinomial nomenclature
Andhra PradeshIndian rollerCoracias benghalensis
Arunachal PradeshGreat hornbillBuceros bicornis
AssamWhite-winged wood duckAsarcornis scutulata
BiharIndian rollerCoracias benghalensis
ChhattisgarhBastar hill mynaGracula religiosa peninsularis
GoaBlack-crested bulbulPycnonotus flaviventris
GujaratGreater flamingoPhoenicopterus roseus
HaryanaBlack francolinFrancolinus francolinus
Himachal PradeshWestern tragopan (Jujurana)Tragopan melanocephalus
Jammu and KashmirBlack-necked craneGrus nigricollis
JharkhandAsian koelEudynamys scolopaceus
KarnatakaIndian rollerCoracias benghalensis
KeralaGreat hornbillBuceros bicornis
Madhya PradeshAsian paradise flycatcherTerpsiphone paradisi
MaharashtraYellow-footed green pigeonTreron phoenicoptera
ManipurMrs. Hume's pheasantSyrmaticus humiae
MeghalayaHill mynaGracula religiosa peninsularis
MizoramMrs. Hume's pheasantSyrmaticus humiae
NagalandBlyth's tragopanTragopan blythii
OdishaIndian rollerCoracias benghalensis
PunjabNorthern goshawkAccipiter gentilis
RajasthanGreat Indian bustardArdeotis nigriceps
SikkimBlood pheasantIthaginis cruentus
Tamil NaduEmerald doveChalcophaps indica
TelanganaIndian rollerCoracias benghalensis
TripuraGreen imperial pigeonDucula aenea
UttarakhandHimalayan monalLophophorus impejanus
Uttar PradeshSarus craneGrus antigone
West BengalWhite-breasted kingfisherHalcyon smyrnensis
Puducherry (UT)Asian koelEudynamys scolopaceus
Lakshadweep (UT)Sooty ternOnychoprion fuscatus
Delhi(NCT)House sparrowPasser domesticus

Tuesday, September 15, 2015

Indian Geography Practice Questions

1. Which one of the following rivers originates near Mahabaleshwar ?
(A) Godavari (B) Krishna (C) Kaveri (D) Tapi

2. With reference to the climate of India, the western disturbances originate over which one of the following ?
(A) Arabian Sea (B) Baltic Sea (C) Caspian Sea (D) Mediterranean Sea

3. In which one of the following states is the Nanga Parbat peak located ?
(A) Sikkim (B) Himachal Pradesh (C) Jammu and Kashmir (D) Uttarakhand

4. In India, which of the following are the Southernmost hills ?
(A) Anaimalai hills (B) Cardamom hills (C) Nilgiri hills (D) Javari hills

5. Where are the Coal Reserves of India largely concentrated ?
(A) Son valley (B) Mahanadi valley (C) Damodar valley (D) Godavari valley

6. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists—
List-I (Lake)
(a) Chilika Lake (b) Kolleru Lake (c) Sambhar Lake (d) Vembanad Lake
List-II (State)
1. Andhra Pradesh 2. Kerala 3. Odisha 4. Rajasthan
Codes :
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(A) 2 1 4 3
(B) 2 4 1 3
(C) 3 4 1 2
(D) 3 1 4 2

7. Indian Standard Time is governed by which of the following longitude ?
(A) 72½° East longitude (B) 77½° East longitude
(C) 80° East longitude (D) 82½° East longitude

8. Which one of the following Indian states leads in the production of rubber ?
(A) Tamil Nadu (B) Karnataka (C) Kerala (D) Andhra Pradesh

9. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched ?
Name of the Mountain Range — Location in the Himalayas(A) Zanskar range — Kashmir
(B) Dhauladhar Range — Himachal Pradesh
(C) Singalila Range — Arunachal Pradesh
(D) Kumaon Range — Uttarakhand

10. Between which ranges does the Kashmir valley in the Himlayas lie ?
(A) Siwalik and Pir Panjal
(B) Pirpanjal and Dhauladhar
(C) Zanskar and Pir Panjal
(D) Dhauladhar and Zanskar

11. Indravati is a tributary of which river ?
(A) Ganga (B) Godavari (C) Krishna (D) Mahanadi

12. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists—
List-I (Town)
(a) Bhadravathy (b) Coimbatore (c) Kapurthala (d) Surat
List-II (Industry)
1. Gem cutting 2. Electrical motors 3. Steel 4. Railway coach
Codes :(a) (b) (c) (d)
(A) 1 2 4 3
(B) 3 2 4 1
(C) 1 4 2 3
(D) 3 4 2 1

13. What is the name of the major base of Indian Navy at Karwar ?
(A) INS Kadamba (B) INS Vikramaditya (C) INS Harshvardhan (D) INS Kushan

14. Where is Thattekad Bird Sanctuary located ?
(A) Kerala (B) Tamil Nadu (C) Karnataka (D) Andhra Pradesh

15. In which one of the following states of India is the Pamayangtse Monastery situated ?
(A) Nagaland (B) Himachal Pradesh (C) Sikkim (D) Arunachal Pradesh

16. What is the average life expectancy in India ?
(A) 50 years (B) 72 years (C) 64 years (D) 36 years

17. Which one of the following is not correctly matched ?
(A) NH 2 — Delhi - Kolkata
(B) NH 4 — Chennai - Thane
(C) NH 3 — Agra - Mumbai
(D) NH 9 — Delhi – Mumbai

18. Nagda is well known as a centre of production of—
(A) Steel (B) Automobiles (C) Viscose staple fibre (D) Electric motors

19. Where is the college of defence management Located ?
(A) Dehradun (B) Wellington (C) Pune (D) Secunderabad

20. In which state is the hydel power project Nathpa Jhakari located ?
(A) Himachal Pradesh (B) Uttarakhand (C) Jammu and Kashmir (D) Madhya Pradesh

21. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists—
List-I (Steel Plant)
(a) Bhilai Steel Plant (b) Bokaro Steel Plant (c) Visvesvaraya Steel Plant (d) Salem Steel Plant
List-II (State)
1. Karnataka 2. Tamil Nadu 3. Andhra Pradesh 4. Chhattisgarh
5. Jharkhand
Codes :
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(A) 5 4 3 1
(B) 4 5 1 2
(C) 5 4 2 3
(D) 4 5 3 1

22. Assertion (A) : The Gangatic plains are among the most beautiful agricultural areas of the world.
Reason (R) : The Gangetic plains contain predominatly regur soil.
Codes :
(A) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A
(B) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explaination of A
(C) A is true but R is false
(D) A is false but R is true

23. Which of the following states has the highest production of coffee in India ?
(A) Karnataka (B) Tamil Nadu (C) Kerala (D) Andhra Pradesh

24. The length of the entire Indian coast line is—
(A) 5000 km (B) 5500 km (C) 7516·6 km (D) 5800 km

25. The Bodo language is spoken in which of the following states ?
(A) Mizoram (B) Tamil Nadu (C) Asom (D) Arunachal Pradesh

26. How many National waterways are there in India ?
(A) 3 (B) 5 (C) 7 (D) 10

27. Which state of India has the highest population density ?
(A) UP (B) Kerala (C) West Bengal (D) Bihar

28. Consider the following statements about Uttar Pradesh—
1. Geographical area of UP is about 2,41,000 sq. kms.
2. Sex Ratio in UP as per 2001 census was 933 females per 1000 males.
3. UP has 17 Revenue Divisions.
4. Literacy percentage in UP as per 2001 census was 60·1.
Which among the following statement is not correct.
(A) 1 and 2
(B) 2 and 4
(C) 3 and 2
(D) 4 and 1

29. Who is known as “Father of white Revolution” in India ?
(A) M. S. Swaminathan (B) V. Kurien (C) K. N. Bahl (D) B. P. Pal

30. In the Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh states, the joint “Rajghat River Valley Project” is launched on—
(A) Ken River (B) Son River (C) Chambal River (D) Betwa River

31. Consider the following statements and select the correct answer from the code given below—
1. India’s population is characterised by a high growth rate.
2. With the current growth rate it is likely to over take China in the near future.
3. Out of every six persons of the world one is an Indian.
4. About 40% of the India’s population is below the poverty line level.
Codes :
(A) 1, 2 and 3 are correct
(B) 2, 3 and 4 are correct
(C) 1, 3 and 4 are correct
(D) 1, 2 and 4 are correct

32. Which state in country has the largest number of districts ?
(A) Madhya Pradesh (B) Maharashtra (C) Tamil Nadu (D) Uttar Pradesh

33. Which of the following rivers have almost the same point of emerging ?
(A) Brahmaputra and Ganga (B) Tapi and Beas
(C) Brahmaputra and Indus (D) Indus and Ganga

34. In which state of India is the maximum area irrigated by tubewells ?
(A) Madhya Pradesh (B) Bihar (C) Rajasthan (D) Uttar Pradesh

35. Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched?
(A) Haldia : Odisha (B) Jamnagar : Maharashtra
(C) Numaligarh : Gujarat (D) Panangudi : Tamil Nadu

36. Which one of the following Indian rivers does not forms an estuary ?
(A) Godavari (B) Kaveri (C) Tapi (D) Mahanadi

37. Which one of the following areas of India does not come under the zone of high seismic intensity ?
(A) Uttarakhand (B) Karnataka Plateau (C) Kachchh (D) Himachal Pradesh

38. Which of the following Indian island lies between India and Sri Lanka ?
(A) Elephanta (B) Nicobar (C) Rameshwaram (D) Salsette

39. In which state do the Monsoon arrives first ?
(A) Asom (B) West Bengal (C) Maharashtra (D) Kerala

40. A memorandum of understanding for India’s first river linking project has been signed between two states linking two rivers. The states and the rivers concerned are—
States — Rivers
(A) Punjab and Rajasthan — Beas and Banas
(B) Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh — Ken and Betwa
(C) Karnataka and Tamil Nadu — Krishna and Kaveri

41. Consider the following statements about Uttar Pradesh—
1. Literacy percentage as per 2001 census is 56·3.
2. The density of population is 690 per square km.
3. The most populous district is Kanpur Nagar.
4. The largest population of scheduled castes is in district Sitapur.
Select the correct answer from the code given below—
Codes :
(A) 1 and 2 only
(B) 2, 3 and 4 only
(C) 1, 2 and 4 only
(D) All the four

42. Which one of the following sequences is correct in the context of three largest wheat producing states ?
(A) Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana (B) Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab
(C) Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and Haryana (D) Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh

43. Crop logging is a method of—
(A) Soil fertility evaluation
(B) Plant analysis for assessing the requirement of Nutrients for crop production—
(C) Assessing crop damage
(D) Testing suitability of fertilizers

44. India’s rank in vegetable production is—
(A) First (B) Second (C) Fourth (D) Fifth

45. U. P. has been divided into—
(A) 11 agro — Climatic zones
(B) 9 Agro — Climatic zones
(C) 7 Agro — Climatic zones
(D) None of the above

46. The disputed coastal strip off the Gujarat coast on which India and Pakistan are holding talks is known as—
(A) Gulf of Cambay (B) Sir Creek (C) Gulf of Khambat (D) Mouth of Indus

47. West Bengal shares boundries with how many countries ?
(A) One (B) Two (C) Three (D) Four

48. Which one of the following countries is not member of SAARC ?
(A) Bhutan (B) Nepal (C) Singapore (D) Maldives

49. Which of the following is considered a cash crop in India ?
(A) Maize (B) Gram (C) Onion (D) Wheat

50. What is the stage in the population cycle in which India is classified on the basis of its demographic characteristics ?
(A) Early expanding stage (B) High stationary stage (C) Late expanding stage (D) Declining stage 

51. Which one of the following hydroelectric projects does not belong to Tamil Nadu ?
(A) Idukki (B) Aliyar (C) Periyar (D) Kundan

52. In terms of area, which one of the following Indian states has the largest coverage of forests ?
(A) Arunachal Pradesh (B) Chhattisgarh (C) Madhya Pradesh (D) Orissa

53. The largest irrigated area in India is occupied by—
(A) Sugarcane (B) Rice (C) Cotton (D) Wheat

54. Which of the following industries are the major beneficiaries of the Mumbai port ?
(A) Iron and Steel Industry
(B) Sugar and Cotton Textile Industry
(C) Cotton Textile and Petrochemical Industry
(D) Engineering and Fertilizer Industry

55. The Vishnu Prayag Hydro Power Project which was recently in News is located in—
(A) Chhattisgarh (B) Uttar Pradesh (C) Madhya Pradesh
(D) Himachal Pradesh (E) Uttarakhand

56. Border of which of the following states does not touch Myanmar border ?
(A) Manipur (B) Asom (C) Arunachal Pradesh (D) Mizoram

57. Which state is not one of major producers of Bananas ?
(A) Gujarat (B) Tamil Nadu (C) Bihar (D) Kerala

58. Of the following, which project is not primarily a hydroelectric project ?
(A) Mettur Project, Tamil Nadu (B) Rana Pratap Sagar Project
(C) Kakarapara Project, Gujarat (D) None of these

59. From origin to delta, the Brahmputra traverses—
(A) Tibet, China, Myanmar (Burma) (B) Bhutan, Nepal, India
(C) Tibet, India, Bangladesh (D) India, Bangladesh, Myanmar

60. Where was first Bio-reserve established in India ?
(A) Nokrek (B) Kanha (C) Nilgiri (D) Periyar

61. What is the term used to describe cultivation on the hill slopes with small patches of land in descending order ?
(A) Truck farming (B) Slope cultivation (C) Hill farming (D) Contour farming

62. There is rainfall in winter in Tamil Nadu due to the following reasons—
(A) South-West Monsoon (B) North-East Monsoon (C) Tropical cost Current (D) None of these

63. After textile, the second largest industry of India is—
(A) Sugar (B) Jute (C) Cement (D) None of these

64. Which of the following is the tributary of the Northward flowing Ganga ?
(A) Kosi (B) Ghaghra (C) Sone (D) Gandak

65. As compared to eastern Himalayas, the tree-line altitude in Western Himalayas is—
(A) More (B) Less (C) Similar (D) Unrelatedly variable

66. What is true for Kalpakkam Fast Breeder Reactor ?
1. In it, only natural uranium is used as a fuel.
2. In it, Plutonium carbide and Natural uranium carbide mixture is used as a fuel.
3. More than 200 M. watt atomic electricity would be produced from it.
Choose the correct answer from the following alternatives :
(A) 1 and 2
(B) 1 and 3
(C) 2 and 3
(D) 1, 2 and 3

67. The Bhilai Steel Plant is located in—
(A) Chhattisgarh (B) Madhya Pradesh (C) Odisha(D) Jharkhand

68. A Ship Building Centre of West Bengal is—
(A) Haldia (B) Shankarpur (C) Budge Budge (D) Garden Reach

69. The most densely populated State in India is—
(A) Uttar Pradesh (B) Kerala (C) Bihar (D) West Bengal

70. An important Nuclear Power Station in Tamil Nadu is—
(A) Meenambakkam (B) Kalapakkam (C) Thanjavur (D) Coimbatore

71. Which of the following states does not touch the boundary of Chhattisgarh ?
(A) Odisha (B) Andhra Pradesh (C) West Bengal (D) Maharashtra

72. Maximum length of border of which of the following states is adjacent to that of other States ?
(A) Bihar (B) Uttar Pradesh (C) Rajasthan (D) Madhya Pradesh

73. What is the percentage of India’s population to the world population ?
(A) 6 per cent (B) 16 per cent (C) 26 per cent (D) 36 per cent

74. The rail sections commonly used in India are—
(A) Bull headed (B) Double headed (C) The section (D) Flat footed

75. For National Highway, the maximum speed in mountainous terrain is—
(A) 120 km per hour (B) 100 km per hour (C) 80 km per hour (D) 50 km per hour 

Answers :
1. (B) 2. (A) 3. (C) 4. (B) 5. (C) 6. (D) 7. (D) 8. (C) 9. (C) 10. (C)
11. (B) 12. (B) 13. (A) 14. (A) 15. (C) 16. (C) 17. (D) 18. (C) 19. (D) 20. (A)
21. (B) 22. (C) 23. (A) 24. (C) 25. (C)
26. (A) 1. Ganga between Allahabad and Haldia (1620 km), 2. Sadiya Dhubri of river Brahamputra (891 km), 3. Kollam Kottapuram stretch of West Coast canal along with Champakara and Udyog Mandal (2.5 km) in Kerala have so far been declared as National Water Ways (Bharat 2009).
27. (C)
28. (B) In accordance with 2001 census, sex ratio of U.P. is 898/1000 and literacy rate is 56·3 per cent.
29. (B)
30. (D) The joint ‘Rajghat River Valley Project’ is an inter-state project of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, launched on Betwa river.
31. (A) 32. (D) 33. (C) 34. (D)
35. (D) Panangudi—Tamil Nadu
Haldia—West Bengal
Jamnagar—Gujarat
Numaligarh—Asom
36. (C) Eastward flowing Indian rivers (Godavari, Mahanadi and Cauvery) form estuary.
37. (B) 38. (C) 39. (D) 40. (B)
41. (C) The most populous district is Allahabad.
42. (C) 43. (B) 44. (B) 45. (B) 46. (B)
47. (C) West Bengal shares boundaries with the following three countries—Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan.
48. (C) The members of SAARC are Maldives, Pakistan, Srilanka, India, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Nepal.49. (C) 50. (C) 
51. (A) 52. (C) 53. (B) 54. (C) 55. (E) 56. (B) 57. (C) 58. (C)
59. (C) 60. (C) 61. (D) 62. (B) 63. (A) 64. (C) 65. (A) 66. (C) 67. (A) 68. (A)
69. (D) 70. (B) 71. (C) 72. (B) 73. (B) 74. (D) 75. (C)



Sunday, October 26, 2014

Geography Snippets

The Indian island closest to the equator is
The Great Nicobar
India is separated from Sri Lanka by
The Gulf of Mannar; The Palk Strait
The smallest state in area is
Goa
The border country sharing the longest boundary with India is
China
The longitude recognised as the basis for standard meridian in our country
82½° East
Difference between Greenwich Mean Time and Indian Standard Time is
5½ hours
The boundary line between India and China is called as
Mac Mohan line
The biggest state in area is
Rajasthan
The state that has longest coast
Gujarat
Andhra Pradesh has the coastal line of
972 kms
The number of coastal states in India is
9
Greater Himalayas are also known as
Himadri Ranges
K2 mountain peak is in
Karakoram Range
The highest mountain peak of the Himalayas in India is
K2
The highest peak in peninsular India is
Anaimudi
The highest peak in the World is
Mount Everest
Great Indian Desert is
Thar
The Ganga river in Bangladesh is called as
Padma
India receives bulk of its rainfall from
South West Monsoon
The monsoon burst first takes place in coastal areas in
Kerala
The highest rainfall recorded place, Mawsynram is in
Meghalaya
The lowest average rainfall recorded in
Jaisalmer
Monsoon means
Blowing of winds and reverse seasonally
Drought is
A condition when the rainfall is less than 75% of the normal
The state is having the largest area under forest is
Madhya Pradesh
The soil which is most clayey and moisture retentive is
Black
Laterite soils are characterized by leaching away of
Silica
Highest account of the total soil cover in the country is
Red soils
The highest intensity of irrigation is found in
Punjab
Hydro-Electricity is known as
White Coal
The winter crop season is known as
Rabi
During south west monsoon the crop season is known as
Kharif
Jute cultivation is predominant in
West Bengal
Black soils are favorable for the cultivation of
cotton
Natural rubber cultivation is predominant in
Kerala
The maximum energy producing mineral in India is
Coal
To manufacture the pencils we use
Graphite
Silk industry is predominating in
Karnataka
Rourkela steel plant was set up with the assistance of
Germany
Limestone is the chief raw material for
Cement
The biggest oil refinery in India is located at
Mathura
The largest industry in our country
Textile industry
The important navigable canal in southern India is
Buckingham Canal
River based port in India is
Kolkata
The single largest item of import
Petroleum

Wednesday, August 13, 2014

State wise Ground Water Resources Availability

(AS ASSESED IN THE YEAR 2011)
States / Union Territories
Annual Replenishable Ground Water Resource
(In Billion Cubic Meter)
1
Andhra Pradesh (undivided)
35.89
2
Arunachal Pradesh
4.51
3
Assam
28.52
4
Bihar
29.34
5
Chhattisgarh
12.42
6
Delhi
0.31
7
Goa
0.24
8
Gujarat
18.57
9
Haryana
10.78
10
Himachal Pradesh
0.56
11
Jammu & Kashmir
4.25
12
Jharkhand
6.31
13
Karnataka
17.03
14
Kerala
6.69
15
Madhya Pradesh
35.04
16
Maharashtra
33.95
17
Manipur
0.44
18
Meghalaya
1.78
19
Mizoram
0.03
20
Nagaland
0.62
21
Odisha
17.78
22
Punjab
22.53
23
Rajasthan
11.94
24
Sikkim
-
25
Tamil Nadu
21.53
26
Tripura
2.59
27
Uttar Pradesh
77.19
28
Uttarakhand
2.04
29
West Bengal
29.25
30
Andaman & Nicobar
0.31
31
Chandigarh
0.02
32
Dadar & Nagar Haveli
0.06
33
Daman & Diu
0.02
34
Lakshadweep
0.01
35
Puducherry
0.19
Grand Total
           432.72

Annex-II

(Annexure referred to in reply to Parts (a) & (b) of Unstarred Question No 3533 to be answered on 11.8.2014 in the Rajya Sabha regarding Availability of Water Resources)

WATER RESOURCES POTENTIAL OF RIVER BASINS OF INDIA

S.
No.
River Basin
Average Water Resources Potential
(In Billion Cubic Meter)
Utilisable surface water resources
(In Billion Cubic Meter)
1
Indus
73.3
46.0
2
Ganga-Brahmaputra-Meghna



(a) Ganga
525.0
250.0

(b) Brahmaputra
537.2
24.0

(c) Barak & others
48.4
 -
3
Godavari
110.5
76.3
4
Krishna
78.1
58.0
5
Cauvery
21.4
19.0
6
Subernarekha
12.4
6.8
7
Brahmani-Baitarni
28.5
18.3
8
Mahanadi
66.9
50.0
9
Pennar
6.3
6.9
10
Mahi
11.0
3.1
11
Sabarmati
3.8
1.9
12
Narmada
45.6
34.5
13
Tapi
14.9
14.5
14
West Flowing Rivers from Tapi to Tadri
87.4
11.9
15
West Flowing Rivers from Tadri to Kanyakumari
113.5
24.3
16
East Flowing Rivers between Mahanadi and Pennar
22.5
13.1
17
East Flowing Rivers between Pennar & Kanyakumari
16.5
16.5
18
West Flowing Rivers of Kutch and Saurashtra including Luni
15.1
15.0
19
Area of Inland Drainage in Rajasthan
Negligible
--
20
Minor Rivers draining into Myanmar (Burma) and Bangladesh
31.0
--

Total
1,869.4
690